Gregory Wilson, J.D. (August 9, 2014)
Daniel 9:27 states in part: And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week:…”
Mainstream evangelical Christianity teaches that the “he” of Daniel 9:27 is the future Anti-Christ who will “confirm the covenant” with Israel. This is error. Error suspends God’s revelation. Man either moves toward God’s truth or he moves away in error. God’s truth is just as important as freedom from error. God’s revelation is progressive, built on His truth. If there is error in understanding, God cannot, God will not, build upon that error with truth. The following is my reasoned hypothesis hopefully, by His Grace, expressed in His truth.
In the “big picture” Daniel 9 is a snapshot of how God intends finish the transgression (Jacob’s), make an end of sins, make reconciliation for iniquity, bring in everlasting righteousness and anoint the most Holy. God said He would do it in 490 prophetic years according to His calendar. Seven years remain, but His clock must be restarted at His perfect time. I believe His clock will begin at (1) the rapture of the true Church, (2) the fullness of the Gentiles and, or (3) the time of the covenant confirming. Presently, I am persuaded that these three events may occur simultaneously, although others suggest a gap between the Rapture and the Tribulation.
Gabriel visited Daniel and gave him “skill and understanding” of the times of Israel. Seventy weeks “of years” where determined upon Daniel’s people (Judah/Israel) and Daniel’s holy city, Jerusalem. 490 years would wrap up the 6,000 years of humanity and bring the world into alignment with God’s ordered plan. 69 of those weeks of years have been completed. We are in the gap period awaiting the Pre-Tribulation rapture of the true church, the fullness of the Gentiles.
Israel is now a nation of Jews gathered into a portion of their land in 1948. God’s Holy City, Jerusalem, has been under Israel’s control since June 7, 1967. Israel is gathered as a nation ready for God’s appointed time: the Time of Jacob’s Trouble.
Verse 27: “And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week:…” For the purposes of this letter I will not discuss the remainder of verse 27.
1. Who is he ?
2. What is confirmed ?
3. What is “the covenant” ?
4. Who are the “many” ?
Grammar Argument: Who is He ?
Daniel 9:26 states: “ And after three score and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.”
Daniel 9:27: “And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week:….”
Some commentators have stated that the word “he” in verse 27 refers to “the prince” in verse 26. As a result, they teach that the covenant confirming is associated with the Anti Christ. I believe this is an incorrect teaching. “He” is a pronoun which must refer to a specific preceding noun in order to avoid ambiguity in the verse. The preceding noun is called the antecedent. An antecedent noun should not be found in a prepositional phrase.
It is an accepted rule of grammar that a pronoun should not refer to noun within a prepositional phrase. The word “of” is a preposition and the word “prince” is in the prepositional phrase. Prince simply informs us about the “peoples” relationship with him. The prince is not the subject to the sentence. The word “prince” is an improper antecedent for the pronoun “he” in verse 27.
The pronoun “he” cannot find its antecedent in the noun “people” because it is a plural neuter noun and “he” is a masculine singular pronoun. We find a grammatical dead end.
The evil one has confounded mainstream scholars with Daniel 9:27 who are looking for a reason to confirm their belief that the Anti Christ will enter into an agreement with Israel.
That may happen because Satan is a counterfeiter, and the author of this confusion, but he will not partake of any covenant confirming event with God’s covenant people, Israel, in bring in everlasting righteousness. It is against his nature to help God.
Traditional grammatical analysis within Daniel 9:26-27 does not unseal the “he” of verse 27.
Can the nature of the covenant or its confirming inform us who “he” is in this verse ? Verse 27 is arguably one of the most difficult and significant prophetic verses in the Bible.
When the Daniel 9:27 / 70th Week event begins, God will begin the final process of bringing in everlasting righteousness to planet Earth. This is a Genesis correction event !
Let’s ask a simple question. Does Satan trigger the event that brings in “everlasting righteousness” ? To quote the apostle Paul in Romans 11 “God forbid” !
Presently, it is my belief that Daniel’s 70th week heralds the end of the Church Age, the Rapture of the True Church and commences the Time of Jacob’s Trouble or Tribulation as revealed in the Book of Revelation. These are two different dispensational periods which necessarily require separation. Church age salvation and Tribulation salvation are distinctly different operations.
Scripture with Scripture Analysis:
If we can identify the covenant which is confirmed, we might be able to find out who does the confirming. Are there any other scriptures with which to analyze Daniel 9:27 ? Yes. In fact, the apostle Paul tells us plainly who, what, when and why behind this Daniel 9:27 covenant. It is one on the seven mysteries spoken of in the New Testament.
Salvation was first for the Jew. That was God’s intended order. Jew first. That order was rejected by the Jewish leadership resulting in the crucifixion of the Jewish Messiah, Jesus. As a result of this rejection, Jesus gave away the “kingdom of God” to another people, the Gentiles. Matthew 21:43.
Paul, the apostle to the Gentiles, tells us in Romans 11 that the Jew had stumbled so that, through their fall, salvation would come to the Gentiles. Paul describes this as a mystery.
In Romans 11:25, Paul identifies the mystery which was Israel’s blindness to their Messiah and that the blindness would end at the time known as the “fullness of the Gentiles”.
In Romans 11, verses 26 and 27 Paul identifies the Daniel 9:27 covenant. He says that “For this is my covenant unto them (Israel) when I shall take away their sins. Paul quotes Isaiah. This is the Israel salvation covenant described in Isaiah 59:20-21. The Isaiah prophesy speaks of the Deliverer out of Zion who will turn them (Israel) from the transgression in Jacob. We know him as Jesus, our Lord and Savior.
Isaiah 59:19-21 states:
19: So shall they fear the name of the Lord from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him.
20: And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the Lord.
21: As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the Lord; My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed’s seed, saith the Lord, from henceforth and for ever.
We learn from Paul and Isaiah that this covenant is the Jesus blood covenant which will result in the salvation of Israel. In the Hebrew Tanach, verse 21: “As for me (God speaking), this is my covenant with them (the many/Israel), saith the Lord;”
What is fascinating about the word “this” is that in Hebrew it is spelled Zayin/Aleph/Tav. This is one of the Messianic direct object modifiers describing the nature of the covenant. It is a blood cutting covenant with the Messiah. You will recognize the Aleph/Tav as the Alpha Omega of Revelation, a name for Jesus. The Hebrew letter “Aleph” was a symbol of the bull representing strength. The “Tav” was a cross representing a promise or covenant. Together they represent “the strength of the covenant”. They represent the Messiah. The Hebrew letter “Zayin” was represented by a sword. It is the seventh letter, the number of fullness. This Zayin-Aleph-Tav is a picture of Messiah Jesus, the “strength of the covenant” cut for us. Jesus shed His blood for the forgiveness of sins once for all. This covenant is sealed with the mark of the Messiah.
Isaiah 59 shares some other common features of Daniel 9. It speaks of a “flood” and “Jacob’s transgression”. These additional features suggest a linking of content and suggest confirmation of the hypothesis that Isaiah 59:21 is the Daniel 9:27 covenant.
Based on Paul’s explanation we learn that the “fullness of the Gentiles” will end prior to Israel’s salvation. Therefore, since Israel has not been saved to date, and the final 7 years has not begun, that the two events must be related in time. Israel’s salvation must take place during Daniel’s 70th Week. Romans 11:27 and Daniel 9:27 are necessarily linked by the commonality of the events of Romans 11:25-27 and Isaiah 59:20-21 which can only happen in Daniel 9:27.
In Romans 11 Paul explains that this Isaiah covenant promised to Israel was deferred, suspended or tolled, until the appointed time, the “fullness of the Gentiles”. The reason that Daniel 9:27 speaks to “confirming” the covenant is due to the fact that God delayed the effectiveness of His covenant purposefully and at the appointed time He will confirm or strengthen the covenant. The deferral will end when God’s prophetic clock starts ticking again. His clock starts with the “fullness of the Gentiles” and the “confirmation of the deferred Isaiah 59 covenant” with Israel ending the mystery of Israel’s blindness and confirming the mystery of the rapture of the true Church.
1. Who is he ? He is God/Jesus.
2. What is confirmed ? Isaiah 59:21 covenant which had be deferred
3. What is “the covenant” ? Isaiah 59:21 covenant, Israel saved
4. Who are the “many” ? Daniel’s people, Jacob/Israel
5. Why was covenant deferred ? It is a mystery/Gentiles saved
6. When will covenant be confirmed ? At the “fullness of Gentiles”.
Sincerely in Christ,
In search of His Truth,
Gregory M. Wilson, J.D.
May not reprint without permission. Posted on WatchfortheDay.org with permission.